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The most notorious of these Camps was at Dyce, Aberdeenshire, where the men were housed in leaky tents and one died from pneumonia, leading to rapid closure of the camp. Some Quakers and other religious COs volunteered for the Friends Ambulance Unit, which assisted with immediate care for wounded soldiers, and sometimes civilians, behind the lines in France and Belgium. Tribunals were more generous in allowing unconditional exemption, but, on the other hand, more COs were prepared to accept conditional exemption. On the other hand, there were a considerable number of COs who, with varying degrees of reluctance, accepted exemption conditional upon performing civilian “work of national importance” – often labouring on farms, sometimes menial work in hospitals or other institutions. There he was ordered to put on a uniform; the CO refused, and was then charged with disobedience and remanded for Court-martial, a military trial with army officers serving as judge and jury. Some COs refused to accept the Scheme, and some, having tried it, voluntarily left it to return to prison and the cycle of courts-martial; they felt that their compromise with the state weakened resistance to the whole idea of conscription. The sentence would be served in a civilian prison, even though the offence was a purely military one. The Court-martial would ignore the COРІР‚в„ўs defence that he still regarded himself as a civilian, and award a sentence of imprisonment which could be up to two years, but usually in the first instance a few months. There were also COs who, again usually reluctantly, accepted the role of soldiers in the NCC, assisting with transport and stores for food, clothing and the like, or road or railway maintenance. On release, the CO would be returned to the Army, where a fresh order would be given, refused, and the whole cycle would be repeated, perhaps up to three or four times. Imprisoned COs were offered the opportunity of a release from prison and the army on the condition of entering the ‘Home Office SchemeРІР‚в„ў a series of Work Centres and Work Camps where COs would live communally and be engaged in arduous work, but would wear civilian clothes and be allowed to go outside the centre in the evenings and on Sundays. On the other hand, tribunal members tended to feel that everybody owed a duty to the state in a time of emergency, and anyone trying to get out of such a duty was a “slacker”, if not an outright “coward”; such men were either refused recognition at all, or, at nominal best, ordered to join the NCC, which they were bound to refuse. Therefore, I have arbitrarily decided that the maximum combat load for the individual should never be more than four-fifths of the optimum trailing load. On the one hand, many COs took the view that any compromise at all with the conscription system, even accepting organised civilian work, was to allow oneself to become a cog in the war machine: calling themselves “absolutists”, they demanded absolute, or unconditional, exemption. The appeal system rarely resolved such an impasse, which meant that a day came when a civilian policeman called at the COРІР‚в„ўs home, arrested him, and brought him before the local MagistrateРІР‚в„ўs Court, on a charge of being a deserter from the Army. These three points suggest a formula which is well within our reach, and without engaging in elaborate research on how to lighten the various items of issue. As well as, frequently, aggressive questioning by members of the Tribunal imbued with a strong sense of “patriotism”, there was always present at every Tribunal a Military Representative, officially appointed to argue the case for the Army, and to try to demolish the COРІР‚в„ўs arguments without even the pretence of impartiality or objectivity. Also, it would undoubtedly turn out that as men became experienced in combat and less susceptible to its nerve-shattering effects, they would become better conditioned to the carrying of heavier weights when it was required by a field emergency. In the majority of these cases the pattern was that the CO had been refused exemption at both local tribunal and at appellate level, or allowed only non-combatant service. Furthermore, it is possible to keep within fifty-one pounds and still permit him to carry his combat essentials as well as two blankets and a raincoat. This means that at one-third of body weight, his optimum load for marching during the training period (including the clothing he wears) is slightly more than fifty-one pounds. In the event, the majority of COs had conditional exemption, some had unconditional exemption, and others accepted non-combatant service. us by all means get at ” the rub .” There are several fundamental factors that argue for the elimination of excess equipment. If there is any lingering doubt that this loss of muscular strength is actual and acute let us think once more on our own combat experience; how much less exhausting it was to march away from the front than toward it, though there Was no difference in the load! Some commanders during World War II tended to systematize it, rather than ignore it, and so made it an incentive to troops. condition in the trenches what is trench wwi trench system trenches conditions gallipoli life in the trenches what were the conditions like in the trenches trench coat size what were the living conditions like in the trenches life in the trenches gallipoli the trench system german trench trenches of wwi leather coat definition of trench trench ditch marianas trench ocean the life in the trenches trenches meaning marians trench reserve trench navy trench coat men life in the trenches at gallipoli mens long black coat trenches rats trench soldier the trench cycle trench game western front conditions what are trenches marina trench

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